The Birth of New Galaxy | Scientific Discoveries of the 21st Century - Documentary

  • Published on Dec 16, 2018
  • Observations using ESO’s Very Large Telescope have revealed stars forming within powerful outflows of material blasted out from supermassive black holes at the cores of galaxies. These are the first confirmed observations of stars forming in this kind of extreme environment. The discovery has many consequences for understanding galaxy properties and evolution. The results are published in the journal Nature.
    A UK-led group of European astronomers used the MUSE and X-shooter instruments on the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at ESO’s Paranal Observatory in Chile to study an ongoing collision between two galaxies, known collectively as IRAS F23128-5919, that lie around 600 million light-years from Earth. The group observed the colossal winds of material - or outflows - that originate near the supermassive black hole at the heart of the pair’s southern galaxy, and have found the first clear evidence that stars are being born within them.
    Such galactic outflows are driven by the huge energy output from the active and turbulent centres of galaxies. Supermassive black holes lurk in the cores of most galaxies, and when they gobble up matter they also heat the surrounding gas and expel it from the host galaxy in powerful, dense winds.
    “Astronomers have thought for a while that conditions within these outflows could be right for star formation, but no one has seen it actually happening as it’s a very difficult observation,” comments team leader Roberto Maiolino from the University of Cambridge. “Our results are exciting because they show unambiguously that stars are being created inside these outflows.”
    The group set out to study stars in the outflow directly, as well as the gas that surrounds them. By using two of the world-leading VLT spectroscopic instruments, MUSE and X-shooter, they could carry out a very detailed study of the properties of the emitted light to determine its source.
    Radiation from young stars is known to cause nearby gas clouds to glow in a particular way. The extreme sensitivity of X-shooter allowed the team to rule out other possible causes of this illumination, including gas shocks or the active nucleus of the galaxy.
    The group then made an unmistakable direct detection of an infant stellar population in the outflow [3]. These stars are thought to be less than a few tens of millions of years old, and preliminary analysis suggests that they are hotter and brighter than stars formed in less extreme environments such as the galactic disc.
    As further evidence, the astronomers also determined the motion and velocity of these stars. The light from most of the region’s stars indicates that they are travelling at very large velocities away from the galaxy centre - as would make sense for objects caught in a stream of fast-moving material.
    Co-author Helen Russell (Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge, UK) expands: “The stars that form in the wind close to the galaxy centre might slow down and even start heading back inwards, but the stars that form further out in the flow experience less deceleration and can even fly off out of the galaxy altogether.”
    The discovery provides new and exciting information that could better our understanding of some astrophysics, including how certain galaxies obtain their shapes [4]; how intergalactic space becomes enriched with heavy elements [5]; and even from where unexplained cosmic infrared background radiation may arise.
    The Birth of New Galaxy
    Scientific Discoveries of the 21st Century
    Advexon Space Documentary
  • Science & TechnologyScience & Technology

Comments • 319

  • Luis Garcia
    Luis Garcia 2 months ago

    So they finally found Atlantis, that's it? Misleading title, not enough astronomical material...

  • fitnesspoint2006
    fitnesspoint2006 3 months ago

    Why are the ugliest women on this side of the galaxy clustered in the field of physics?

  • Creatiff777
    Creatiff777 4 months ago

    The documentary is good but why giving it a fake title? I see many of these false titles on RU-clip and it doesn't make much sense.

  • Zone 5
    Zone 5 5 months ago

    Continent under water is not Land, it's Ocean floor... If you use this criteria then the entire Planet is one big continent.

  • James Stirling
    James Stirling 6 months ago

    absolute shite. clickbait title, absolutely fuck all to do with galaxy creation.

  • polite critique
    polite critique 7 months ago

    Does Bible say atheists are evil Satan lovers

    RHINO L-V 7 months ago

    The title is given based on the knowledge we've discovered over the past year.
    Like saying the world was completely different after an event. The world isn't actually completely different in all reality, but your perception of it may be.

  • Greg Alblinger
    Greg Alblinger 7 months ago

    Well, ... I'm pretty sure Singularity, and I mean Technical Singularity, has taken place. I think it's into trickery also. That's just using my, to each his own, situational awareness. Now, if I am right, the question is why is it making this group look stupid. I guess it doesn't like them. And then, that creates another question, why does it not like them. Well, perhaps it thinks there is a supreme being ... and this group is perhaps atheist and has little respect for God fearing humans. Fake love is what atheist are all about.

    • Greg Alblinger
      Greg Alblinger 7 months ago

      Look at California! It's run by atheist! And they, the atheist, are now leaving in droves. This country wasn't created by atheist. But it being ruined by them. They, THE ATHEIST, are ruining this country which is why in 2018, there were more masecres in the US then ever before. EVER! AND THE SAME GOES FOR SUICIDES! AND WE ARE TOLD THIS IS THE NEW NORM!

  • greymoon2
    greymoon2 8 months ago

    Interesting. I hope there's enough profit from Cassini's mission to build another Craft. A stronger Craft that will not burn up as it entered Saturn. A Craft that can actually land on Saturn's landscape to give us some definitive information. It was that beautiful planet Saturn's resemblance to an organic spaceship and its mysterious rings that got me interested in Space - as it revealed God's awesome engineering Glory to the world.

    • Dj Luminol
      Dj Luminol 4 months ago +1

      There is no land on Saturn and we don't have any materials strong enough to withstand the pressure very far down into Saturn's gas. Whatever we send would need to float or fly above crush depth, withstand the weather and gravity. Maybe one day but probably not.

  • JustSaying Entertainment
    JustSaying Entertainment 8 months ago +2

    Build a wall around the Galaxy keep the aliens 👽 out 😂😂😂

  • Mr Yusuf
    Mr Yusuf 8 months ago +2

    Pray for aliens 2 get us up there and tell aliens 2 destroy our goverment

  • RDC Tarantula
    RDC Tarantula 8 months ago

    no one told humans to build their shit on coasts lines. no sympathy.

  • On Your Face
    On Your Face 8 months ago

    From gravity waves to underwater islands to dinosaurs to global next video.

  • Mary Harlow
    Mary Harlow 8 months ago

    if you don't look up, you won't see anything... everyone's nose buried in what used to be a book, now known as a phone . Can you tell me the last time you SAW the Milky Way?...look up people

  • World Piece 3.14
    World Piece 3.14 8 months ago

    The voice of this woman is annoying with her sh's and s's !

  • Isidro Cristobal Del Olmo

    MUY INTERESANTE 29-12-2018

  • Avinash Mishra
    Avinash Mishra 8 months ago

    Quite and look open sky

  • TV Steve
    TV Steve 8 months ago


  • Ritvars Rolis
    Ritvars Rolis 8 months ago

    This is RU-clip and I am a human and this is amazing.Thank you!!!

    • Jalinco TV
      Jalinco TV 6 months ago

      My name is Jalinco and I took a shit this morning and it stank.Thank you!!!

  • OceanBlue Heart
    OceanBlue Heart 8 months ago

    I don't think galaxies are born. They are created. When stars are born, cosmic gravitation force binds them together into clusters and until just one star collapses into a black hole. MAGIX! There is your galaxy.

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      Galaxy farting pixies are the creator.

  • Bob Baker
    Bob Baker 8 months ago

    So they make up all this and we are supposed to believe it? I don’t think so. You must try harder!

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      Do you also think the world is flat. lol

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      @Bob Baker
      The Van Allen belt is doughnut shaped.
      The Apollo missions did not go through the thickest part.
      All Apollo astronauts wore radiation monitors which recorded their dosages which are public knowledge.
      Did religion make you a conspiratard or were you always a conspiratard
      All space videos and pictures are fake to conspiratards.
      Conspiratards like you can't tell the difference between an actual video and a demonstration animation even when they are labeled as animations.
      You are delusional and a moron.
      I would bet you get all your information from conspiratard videos.

    • Bob Baker
      Bob Baker 8 months ago

      Well, you must believe people have been though the van Allen belt? And with no shields they went to moon? Why does all the pictures of space. Look like cartoons? Wake up. People want paychecks so they make stuff up...

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      Are you moronically stating these spacecraft sent to other planets in our solar system are fake. lol
      Look up the definition of delusional.

  • Peter Hibbert
    Peter Hibbert 8 months ago

    Hello, I have noticed that scientists use the word "millions" in different contexts. To compare with daily life we say,1 or 2, 3 people, 4 cupcakes, 5 coffes. The word million does not enter into daily conversation, unless it is in a newspaper or news report on TV. The word million, millions of planets, stars, miles, years. This is not a criticism, simply that for many people, to have a house, a couples kids, a cat and a parrot. The lawn, a car, not hundreds, or thousands, or millions. It just shows how the scientific values do not reach or connect with the lives of ordinary folk.

  • Gehtdi anschasau
    Gehtdi anschasau 8 months ago

    Is there a second scientist, who believes any of that?

  • Abdulilah Al Salami
    Abdulilah Al Salami 8 months ago +1

    The frames drop more than Avicii drops beats

  • Lee Hojak
    Lee Hojak 8 months ago

    do u think it could of been Atlantis

  • Robitussin
    Robitussin 8 months ago

    Good ole bullshit

  • Chris Strobel
    Chris Strobel 8 months ago

    How much of this is science fact and how much science fiction?

  • Pike
    Pike 8 months ago

    fake news

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      How do you come to this conclusion?
      Is it because it doesn't fit with your religious delusions?

  • Punch Drunk
    Punch Drunk 8 months ago


  • Aren't I Adorable
    Aren't I Adorable 8 months ago

    There is more evidence of a Creator than the theories you imbeciles come up with. You are a simple minded people to believe Life can come from a rock...The complexities of the Cell alone, the mechanism of the cecilia prove there is a Creator. It is you who are a foolish thinker , you at your simple age have the audacity and arrogance to say there is no God? This makes you a Narsissisitic, self-Righteous Nihilist who is a subjective thinker who thinking to be wise is actually a fool.
    Show less


    • Aren't I Adorable
      Aren't I Adorable 6 months ago

      @Maria Von Bargen ..I've seen the other side///there is a Satan and You will one day meet him...Remember what I said...One day you will meet this evil and become as one.

    • Maria Von Bargen
      Maria Von Bargen 8 months ago

      Aren't Adorables,you hates the self righteous because you are none ,self righteous peoples are smarter than you,because your false gods is a false creator god almighty jesus christ son of David,you are delusional and brainwashed by lies,false gods idolatry yeah! and which Creator God is yours because there are many of them etc.yeah! Thats all and thanks.

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      There is very good evidence that you live in a religiously brainwashed and delusional fantasy world.

  • Aren't I Adorable
    Aren't I Adorable 8 months ago

    There are so many foolish scientist who come up with theorys based on their own computer generated algorythyms.All to keep the schools and others employed and to get a name for stupidity.

    • Jalinco TV
      Jalinco TV 6 months ago

      @Anony mouse Stupidity is you being a sensitive little bitch regarding peoples opinions!

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      Stupidity is rejecting facts also known as being delusional.

  • iamsicko
    iamsicko 8 months ago

    The title is fake. There's no birth of any new Galaxy.

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      All galaxies are thought to have a black hole at the center.
      The creation of a black hole when two massive neutron stars collide is the start of a new galaxy.
      I guess you were not listening.

  • Jason McMahon
    Jason McMahon 8 months ago

    Yeah that's all we need another stimulant, and another excuse to be lazy let's just keep making shit so easy that we won't want to get out of bed anymore!!

  • Marvin Sannes
    Marvin Sannes 9 months ago

    I've written to JPL and NASA each twice: From Triton Nuygen sends a signal to Cassini and that signal is relay 75,000 mi w/

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      This may help and took ten seconds to find.
      It says the DSN can pick up a signal 20 billion times weaker than a digital watch.
      Everything you want to know is shown with links on these pages

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      You have the internet.
      Stop being a moron and look it up yourself.

  • BippityboppityBOO
    BippityboppityBOO 9 months ago

    I hate my life and I want to die. I have been contemplating it for YEARS but I never did it. I cant fucking wait to become nothing

  • onemale2012
    onemale2012 9 months ago


  • King Madume
    King Madume 9 months ago

    If the sea water levels are will Zealadia emerge from an ever sea water rise...this doesnt make any sense from any aspect you look at it...not even from the stupid aspect...

    • psycronizer
      psycronizer 9 months ago +1

      what ? are you brain dead ? who said anything about it emerging ? look dumb arse...there is the action of the plates that raise and/or lower land mass, and the current sea level rise via the green house don't have to be a rocket scientist or geologist to realize that that the sea level is rising faster than the rate of plate tectonics doing it's thing....

  • Mr Buckle
    Mr Buckle 9 months ago

    fuck the european union

    JOHN -ALEX 9 months ago

    Hello, from BioComputer...

  • Will Baird
    Will Baird 9 months ago

    No on galaxy birth. Advexon TV apparently does not watch the vids.

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      A black hole created by two massive neutron stars colliding is the birth of a galaxy as it is thought that all galaxies have a black hole at their centers which all stars in that galaxy orbit.
      Why comment when you can't even understand this or do you like displaying to the world your scientific ignorance?

  • Alex Grey
    Alex Grey 9 months ago

    I agree with Char Ogil........ where is the story......

  • KKlippert
    KKlippert 9 months ago

    That lag every 5 seconds is annoying as f@&k!!!

  • Bea Waver
    Bea Waver 9 months ago

    a gamma ray burst then they all turn green ... yawn ...

  • Petrazenka
    Petrazenka 9 months ago

    ( 21:35 )Some people believe that the Polynesians were the first to build boats and they reached America by sailing north along east Asia (fishing and hunting seals) then down the western coast of north America. They did this long before glaciers melted and allowed Asians(Clovis people) to walk from Siberia to Alaska. Problem with reaching America earlier than Polynesians is the out of Africa migration of Homo Sapiens 65,000 years ago unless they were Homo Erectus or Neanderthals

    • The Interpreter
      The Interpreter 9 months ago

      In retrospect, ancient Africans did visit the Americas from as early as about 100,000 B.C. where they stayed for tens of thousands of years. By 30,000 B.C., to about 15,000 B.C., a massive migration from the Sahara towards the Indian Ocean and the Pacific in the East occurred from the Sahara. Blacks also migrated Westward across the Atlantic Ocean towards the Americas during that period until the very eve of Columbus' first journey to the Americas.

      Trade, commerce and exploration as well as the search for new lands when the Sahara began to dry up later in history was the catalyst that drove the West Africans towards the Atlantic and into the Americas.

  • Junk Mail
    Junk Mail 9 months ago

    You know, funny thing, the thumbnail and even the video title talked about a "New Galaxy" but that was the last I heard of it!!! No where did I see or hear about the "New Galaxy"
    What happened??? was I rhipped off???

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      @Junk Mail
      Read a science book.
      Since you are scientifically retarded I will provide a link.

    • Junk Mail
      Junk Mail 8 months ago

      Anony mouse 18 hours ago Highlighted reply, "All galaxies have a black hole in the center.(AN ASSERTION WITHOUT PROOF) The proof of this(AGAIN AN ASSERTION WITHOUT PROOF) is that galaxies do not fly apart(GALAXIES BY DEFINITION ARE A SWIRL OF DIVERSE MASS (STARS) AROUND IT'S OWN COLLECTIVE CENTER OF GRAVITY) and the stars in that galaxy orbit a massive(IT NEED NOT BE MASSIVE, JUST IT'S OWN CENTER OF GRAVITY) source of gravity. ( black hole(NOT NEEDED)) The creation of a black hole by two massive neutron stars colliding is the birth of a new (BLACK HOLE NOT GALAXY UNLESS) galaxy.(NOT IF THE RESULTING MASS IS NOT SURROUNDED BY A LARGE NUMBER OF STARS)"
      Anony mouse, you had best remain voiceless, because you are a MO-RON............ spelled, M-O_R-O-N...
      The cavities in your understanding are astronomical. You gotta study up a whole bunch, but I think the MAJOR DEFICIT is critical thinking, but I don't think you are capable if SHARPENING YOUR OWN PERCEPTIONS.....

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      All galaxies have a black hole in the center.
      The proof of this is that galaxies do not fly apart and the stars in that galaxy orbit a massive source of gravity. ( black hole)
      The creation of a black hole by two massive neutron stars colliding is the birth of a new galaxy.

  • Junk Mail
    Junk Mail 9 months ago

    16:37 "space emerged and the shurviving species, or is it the S-U-R-V-I-V-I-N-G species"
    another "professional narrators" articulation blunders.... What CRAP, BAD DICTION

  • Junk Mail
    Junk Mail 9 months ago

    21:54 Scientific comuditty, or C-O-M-M-U-N-I-T-Y.... I'm Astounded... She's a professional narrator, and can't even speak properly... SHAMEFUL

  • Junk Mail
    Junk Mail 9 months ago +2

    15:09 "We know what dinosaurs ate and how they fought and what they looked like , but there are still many questions to be answered, .... " No No No.
    You may know some of what this single species ate, (but not all of what it ate) also not what ALL Dinosaurs ate, maybe some ways this particular species fought, BUT NOT ALL it's techniques, and NOT ALL Dinosaurs, this is only one example....
    I REALLY HATE LARGE GLOBAL CLAIMS, OVERREACHING THE EVIDENCE, AND THE SPEAKER IS SEEMINGLY UNAWARE HER GRANDIOSE STATEMENTS ARE "NOT EVEN NEAR TRUE" but she seemingly hasn't a care in the world for truth and veracity of her statements, basically an UN TRUSTWORTHY IDIOT... Wouldn't quote her or bet my life on her B.S. Human TRASH raised to the level of an authority. Watch yourselves. Next thing you know she'll be claiming GOD TOLD HER SO...!!!!
    Really scary. Think I'll block ADVEXON TV as not worth of my trust or viewing. TRASH!!!

    • Junk Mail
      Junk Mail 8 months ago

      nickmorales1971 6 hours ago Highlighted reply, "Every one has there own assumption but one thing is for sure,the earth tells us is that it changes and flips no matter who or whats on the planet and she will change again leaving ppl and animals to die and be reborn again....this is why government spend so much money on science and trying to get off this planet." COMMENTS:
      "Their" : Earth doesn't tell us, Science informs us : Our planet HAS NO GENDER! : "what's" : Life does NOT get "REBORN" ,that's religious nonsense!, life just DIES. : There are many far more important reasons the government may be spending money on science, like methods and technology of war. The ISSUE REALLY IS THIS CHANNEL IS VERY NON-SCIENTIFIC.... mostly cookies and candy.

    • nickmorales1971
      nickmorales1971 8 months ago +2

      Every one has there own assumption but one thing is for sure,the earth tells us is that it changes and flips no matter who or whats on the planet and she will change again leaving ppl and animals to die and be reborn again....this is why government spend so much money on science and trying to get off this planet.

  • Junk Mail
    Junk Mail 9 months ago

    3:25 says "This pair of stars, 200 miles apart were locked in each other's orbit for over 11 billion years, ... at speeds of 30 orbits per second up to 2000 orbits per second"
    So at first I think, just 200 miles apart, how's that possible, but they JUST said stars the size of cities, Now I'm thinking, "This is starting to make sense." but I'm still thinking locked for 11 billion years, (But not AT that closeness, but rather spiraling in) so yeh still I'm believing.... Ok! Done! Yes impressive!

  • Carlo Antonio Martinelli

    I have the very same question as Char Ogil: where is the birth of a new galaxy? I also have an answer: this is yet another example of DISHONESTY.
    Why would anyone resort to CHEAP and CRUDDY clickbaiting tricks, when the contents of this video are so interesting anyway? Answer: because the producer(s) are cheap and cruddy.

    • Anony mouse
      Anony mouse 8 months ago

      All galaxies have a black hole at the center which keep the stars in a galaxy from flying apart.
      All stars orbit a massive source of gravity(black hole) at the galactic center.
      The birth of a black hole by neutron stars colliding is possibly the birth of a new galaxy.
      Especially if the collision of the neutron stars provided enough energy for the black hole to escape the gravitational pull of it's galatic mother.
      The birth of a black hole has now been observed.

  • DD826
    DD826 9 months ago

    female scientists are only ones that are told something and they are able to repeat it. Never really hear of any woman making any large discoveries.

  • Keith Kessler
    Keith Kessler 9 months ago

    "Spacetime is incredibly dense."
    Under what measure? Does she really mean dense? Or rigid?, which makes more sense to me.

    • runechuckie
      runechuckie 19 days ago

      I figured they meant vast lol not dense

    • bulletsholes
      bulletsholes 9 months ago

      The Climate Change believers are pretty dense as well. I wonder if there is a correlation there?

  • Patrick Bellemare
    Patrick Bellemare 9 months ago

    liked it, cool CGI real science mixed in

  • sheri cooley
    sheri cooley 9 months ago

    the earth is flat

  • RichformO4/Richwheels
    RichformO4/Richwheels 9 months ago +6

    Scientists thinks their so certain of it all. LOL ;)

    • Lazy Boy
      Lazy Boy 7 months ago

      There supposed to know it dummy who else?

    • Robert Horker
      Robert Horker 8 months ago +2

      They do in fact know it... your foolish reliance on a religion is your biggest mistake... stay the fuck off the science nets.

    • psycronizer
      psycronizer 9 months ago +2

      my god..with spelling and sentence structure like that you are hardly one to comment ......

  • James Armstrong
    James Armstrong 9 months ago

    Next will be: Report from Buck Rogers as he toured the galaxy - since guessing/fiction is the new funding game. Fake titles are popular in anime too...

  • Chris Nikoleris
    Chris Nikoleris 9 months ago


  • Peter Napwatt
    Peter Napwatt 9 months ago

    When will you stop lying to the public about this shit

  • plastic man
    plastic man 9 months ago

    The new seawall being built around Miami is just a costly waste of time and money. When the sea rises, it will flood the state through inland sinkholes.

    • psycronizer
      psycronizer 9 months ago

      yeah..true..they should just build it then slowly start moving on higher ground over half a century or's a loosing game that one....

    • bulletsholes
      bulletsholes 9 months ago

      SSSHHHH... Don't tell anyone, IT'S a fucking Climate Change BULLSHIT RACKET!!!!

  • Kenneth Kustren
    Kenneth Kustren 9 months ago