Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

  • Published on Nov 14, 2019
  • Physics Girl is on Patreon! ►► www.patreon.com/physicsgirl
    There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
    Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
    Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
    Editor: Levi Butner
    Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
    Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
    Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
    1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
    2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
    3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
    4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
    5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
    6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
    7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
    ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
    nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
    Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
    Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
    Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
    Questions at CERN
    Creating Antihidrogen:
  • Science & TechnologyScience & Technology

Comments • 6 906

  • Bob Vasquez
    Bob Vasquez 2 hours ago

    If a nuclear plant has no power it becomes a danger. If CERN has no power cause by an NEMP or by some disaster will CERN be a danger.?

  • ThrustFrom Behind
    ThrustFrom Behind 3 hours ago

    Everybody: "We now have the same destructive power that the U.S once had to themselves"
    The U.S: *Watches this video*

  • ThrustFrom Behind
    ThrustFrom Behind 3 hours ago

    Antimatter: *Exists*

    Me: Matter killer >:)

  • FBI
    FBI 5 hours ago

    Great! Now I can buy it on Wish for $1

  • Dara Shikoh
    Dara Shikoh 7 hours ago

    I love your enthusiasm, its simply raw and pure :) Go Girl!

  • Numb9
    Numb9 7 hours ago

    Everything you see is vibrating light bouncing off your eyes. Raise your vibration and edit the physical

  • Haim Ben Avraham
    Haim Ben Avraham 11 hours ago

    Why on Earth would they want to fool around with that ' stuff'?

  • Jerry Gundecker
    Jerry Gundecker 14 hours ago

    The most dangerous stuff on Earth is Republican politics.
    And it breaks the economy every time it takes effect, and jobs come only from McDonald's and Amazon warehouses. Poof!
    It's more expensive. Antimatter comes in second.

  • Bakdi Abderrahmane
    Bakdi Abderrahmane 15 hours ago

    what you people are made out of matter

  • THGraham
    THGraham 18 hours ago

    Hmm what if each sun we see was an anti matter explosion? Which is why we don’t see any anti matter, it already had its reaction with matter, we just see the result.

  • IMK
    IMK 22 hours ago

    I can pay any amount to buy this antimatter ... coz i have billions and trillions and quadrillions of Antidollar.... 😉

  • Tina Corbett
    Tina Corbett 23 hours ago

    Tell a 10 year old they can't do it.
    They'll do it.

  • dave mau
    dave mau Day ago

    It's not dangerous but 1 spoon of it can compare to 10 nuke what a nice explanation

  • J W Harvey
    J W Harvey Day ago

    In Dan Brown's book Angels and Demons, published May 2000 this whole subject was explained very well for the lay person. This means you are almost twenty years late with this information.

  • DysfunctionalDean

    I watched this and it was on 2,222.222 views... hello angel numbers 👋
    If you know, you know. 🙂

  • Fabricio Sasaki
    Fabricio Sasaki Day ago +1

    Anti-protons cost $3 quadrillion and don't even have an Apple logo stamped on it.

  • John Kean
    John Kean Day ago

    Can someone tell me why quarks are so quirky, leptons are so lousy and bosons are such bozos. Is it _because they don't exist_ only in Planck's ( _et al_ ) imagination 🤔 that's why bosons are so elusive because they're not real.

  • John Kean
    John Kean Day ago

    Why is there never anyone around at CERN where are all the Scientists - they're supposed to be there searching for Higgs's Boson. They'll never find it in a million years especially if they don't turn up at the office: its like somebody opened the box and Schroedinger's cat wasn't inside to begin with 🤔 or when you search for them they all turn into waves and only return as particles if you stop looking for them 🤔

  • John Kean
    John Kean Day ago

    Modern Science is like a Cream Puff: just as soon as you try to eat it it crumbles away into insignificance.

  • John Kean
    John Kean Day ago +1

    Modern science is like a diet: you can see the Cake but you can't eat it.

  • John Kean
    John Kean Day ago

    How come modern Scientists can convince Nobel Laureate Institute but not the general public 🤔

  • John Kean
    John Kean Day ago

    Antimatter is like sleeping - its a dream ie Virtual. Like modern science: which is Philosophy.

  • Urahara451
    Urahara451 Day ago

    Dianna is smart, funny, nerdy and gorgeous. Anyone know where I could find a girl like her lol?

  • John Kean
    John Kean Day ago

    Why is modern science full of stuff you can"t see or CGI

  • Ger
    Ger Day ago

    In the future China will mass produce anti matter, and them accidentally anihilate everything within a radius of a few hundred lightyears.

  • steve Taylor
    steve Taylor Day ago

    It sounds like the age old question, are there unicorns? and find out how many dwarfs can ride on the back of the unicorn, have a great day

  • Fahd Abdul Rahman

    CERN discovers antimatter
    CERN stocks and stock holders 😏

  • iChanne
    iChanne Day ago

    they a holding aliens in those boxes...

  • Hannah Boswell
    Hannah Boswell Day ago

    Off topic but I have a suspicion from the way she moves that this scientist in the zebra shirt might have EDS, she reminds me of myself and she is wearing the zebra stripes our mascot!

  • sheffooo Productions

    maybe we cant find antimatter cause is fillet with matter , who knows.universe has many surprises.

  • A Rasvan
    A Rasvan Day ago

    but we would measure antimatter weight in anti-grams
    therefore, one GRAM of antimatter would cost -$2700 trillion

  • Big_Mike NYC
    Big_Mike NYC Day ago

    So, if anti matter could be produced affordable, what would society do with it? Nuclear energy, weapons?

  • Craig Corson
    Craig Corson Day ago

    From the description: "CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year".
    Isn't 1e15 equal to...one? Or do I not know what I'm talking about?

    • Craig Corson
      Craig Corson Day ago

      @MikeRosoftJH I give up.

    • MikeRosoftJH
      MikeRosoftJH Day ago

      @Craig Corson I have written "1*10^15" for clarity because you have been confused about what the "e" means. And you are still confused. Once again: 1e15 is 10^15. It's not 1, and it's not 10^16. 10e15 is 10*10^15, or 10^16 (which can also be written using the "e" notation as 1e16).

    • Craig Corson
      Craig Corson Day ago

      @MikeRosoftJH And you still have not answered my very simple question. You wrote "I have written it as 1*10^15". Of what use is the 1 in that expression? Here's a new one: if, as you claim, the e denotes 10^, then why did Elise write 1e15 when she could have, should have simply written 10^16, or 10e15?

    • MikeRosoftJH
      MikeRosoftJH Day ago

      @Craig Corson So you *don't* know what the "e" represents. 1e15 is not 1, it's 10^15 (in order to make it clear what the number before the "e" represents, I have written it as 1*10^15 - just like 2e15 is 2*10^15). 10e15 is not 10^15; it's 10*10^15=10^16. The "e" does not represent the exponentiation operator (which is usually written as "^" when superscript is not available); it represents "*10^".

    • Craig Corson
      Craig Corson Day ago

      @MikeRosoftJH Don't condescend. I know what the e represents. You haven't answered my question. Why did you write 1*10^15, when 10^15 is sufficient, or 10e15?
      As I said in my original comment, 1e15 = 1. Dianna has made an error, or rather, Elise has, whoever that is.

  • Robert Billing
    Robert Billing Day ago

    Great explanation, thanks. BTW when I was an undergraduate in Cambridge I used to walk past Dirac's rooms on the way to supervision every week. (New court St John's A staircase. )

  • Clyde Cessna
    Clyde Cessna Day ago

    Geneva WAS the home of the League of Nations (The US refused to join) and IS home to certain organs of the UN like UNESCO.

  • extremelydangerous

    Anti made EASY!!!
    (1) get some UNUNPENTIUM at least 5% pure (needs some ultracentrifuge...)
    (2) put in a vacuum chamber inside a magnetic bottle the same you make with that anti hidrogen
    (3) fire a low speed proton bean over the ununpentium
    (4) the ununpentium nucleous breaks and result in one or more anti-protons per break
    (5) the anti-protons are stripped off the ununpentium with the magnetic + electric field and target into a thermocouple array
    (6) one side of the thermocouple is cold, other is heated by anti-protons... so a DC current is generated...
    (7) DONE... now go to sell to Greta Thumberg you will get billions in finance to solve the "how dare" problem with polution and energy generation
    SEE??? easy!!

  • vclamp
    vclamp Day ago

    Well, it is not material, it is anti-material.
    Customs tried to bust me for smuggling 0.003 grams of anti-matter. I told them it was twice as much and that they should raise the fine to pad their paychecks. So they poured it onto the scale, and poof! they evidence disappeared and the charges were dropped. Because you know, SCIENCE! 😁

  • Arlo De Parlo
    Arlo De Parlo Day ago

    Elisa is sooo cute 😍

  • Dexxed
    Dexxed Day ago

    Me: Goes in dark places
    Mom: Don't go there
    Me: or?
    Mom: OR POOF!

  • goatman86
    goatman86 Day ago

    Legos Dianna? Legos!?

  • Freimon Borja
    Freimon Borja Day ago

    Is that the place where the Terminator's enemy got magnetized in??

  • Earl
    Earl Day ago

    Diana?.. I thought she looked more of like a Brittney

  • Jack Burnett
    Jack Burnett Day ago

    Some crazy guy would do the world a favor by setting a bomb off in CERN and desyroying it.

  • Kelly Parish
    Kelly Parish 2 days ago

    Need a physics girl t-shirt with “Or POOF!” 🥰

  • Tom Thumb
    Tom Thumb 2 days ago

    Diana, I would like to ask if it may be possible that the big bang was caused by a collision with matter and antimatter with only the matter blown away fast enough not to come in contact with any antimatter so becoming the only things left we can see? And if so, could whats left of the antimatter be stuck in a huge blob where the contact happened, but we can't see it anymore because its antimatter or its so far away we would never be able to see it now?

  • Mitchell Marcus
    Mitchell Marcus 2 days ago

    It's all fun and games till someone loses an eye lol

  • Rob Jeanbras
    Rob Jeanbras 2 days ago

    Maybe you can't hold it because matter, like everything we can see obeys physics and goes along with us forward in time at 1 second per second but antimatter travels backwards in time at 1 second per second and we only see it briefly in the present. At the quantum level though we can see it because it would behave just as matter does popping in and out of that present, past and future. Just my theory. Prove me wrong.

  • Bunnie Meows
    Bunnie Meows 2 days ago

    This is brilliant

  • Lemnai Wangnaw Lemnu

    7:14 OR POOF. 💥💥💥💥💥💥💢💫💫

  • Stephanie De Jesus
    Stephanie De Jesus 2 days ago

    Can you accelerate people on that machine and create that person's anti-person?

  • ratamacue0
    ratamacue0 2 days ago

    Do we know whether or not there are anti-matter galaxies anywhere in our universe? If we know (yes or no), how do we know?
    Or might there actually be an approximate balance of matter and antimatter in the universe, with galaxies made of one or the other?

  • ratamacue0
    ratamacue0 2 days ago

    You (or she?) told us that they compared the spectral lines of hydrogen and anti-hydrogen, but what was the outcome??!? I must know!!!eleven

  • Red Dog
    Red Dog 2 days ago

    So we just gonna call positrons positrons but we ain't gonna call electrons negatrons?

  • jaxative jax
    jaxative jax 2 days ago

    First you're telling me not to touch it and then I'm told it's so valuable that any one of the 7 billion people on the planet would do just about anything to get their hands on a speck so small you'd never be able to find it again if you put it down?

  • Sebastian m
    Sebastian m 2 days ago

    Flaw with your theory:
    Matter can not be created or destroyed, only converted.
    Even in quantum physics, time and space remain constant without observation. Even at the speed of light.

  • Enfinate
    Enfinate 2 days ago

    It should be called anti material

  • Philip Walker
    Philip Walker 2 days ago +2

    Sadly, my xwife is made of anti-matter. They call me poof the magic dragon 🤗

  • Torleif Strand
    Torleif Strand 2 days ago

    The quarters are simply toroid which are intertwined in the atom. Planck particles only move around the north and south poles. In the center, there are prank particles that merge into one from the original 2 and therefore it forms the gravitational force. Then it is easier to understand quantum mechanics.

  • motor head1
    motor head1 2 days ago

    What about "whatsamatter"?
    Put in on a chain gangsta rapper s will wear it.
    PET Scan me please.
    South Park needs to do CERN episode..

  • Greg Shonle
    Greg Shonle 2 days ago

    6:59 I want to know who won that Quidditch match...