Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

  • Published on Nov 14, 2019
  • Physics Girl is on Patreon! ►► www.patreon.com/physicsgirl
    There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
    Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
    Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
    Editor: Levi Butner
    Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
    Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
    Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
    1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
    2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
    3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
    4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
    5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
    6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
    7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
    ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
    nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
    Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
    Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
    Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
    Questions at CERN
    Creating Antihidrogen:
  • Science & TechnologyScience & Technology

Comments • 6 771

  • Ravi Dhyani
    Ravi Dhyani 4 hours ago

    U explained very well. Awesome

  • Status Quo
    Status Quo 17 hours ago

    Producing anti-matter - cannot even install flicker-free lamps.

  • E. Vasquez
    E. Vasquez 21 hour ago

    eventually we will learn to make extraterrestrial tools .... this will be the key for manned UFO'S... and maybe time travel.

  • King Hero
    King Hero 21 hour ago

    the reason you don't find antimatter on earth is for two reasons 1 it annihilate with matter, and 2 it is gravitationally repelled by matter

  • Ken Nguyen
    Ken Nguyen 23 hours ago

    I can't get over that plant wobbling around every time she leans on that uneven table

  • islam saied
    islam saied Day ago

    I have a massive crush over physics girl :"""""S

  • Siyao Lee
    Siyao Lee Day ago +1

    So the first person comes to my mind is you.

  • Von Paraz
    Von Paraz Day ago

    I'm envious...

  • Thebuilderofthings1

    Nothing really antimatter's to me....

  • S P
    S P Day ago

    Maybe there wasn’t meant to be more of it, curiosity is good and all and learning new stuff to advance us is great, but when something “can’t even touch the air” maybe it’s a big warning sign from nature telling us not to go there lol
    Awesome videos tho

  • Cheese .EXE.
    Cheese .EXE. Day ago

    Rappers are gonna be flexing with antimatter watches in 100 years.

  • Anshil Agarwal
    Anshil Agarwal Day ago

    Plz explain this in next video

  • Shoeless b
    Shoeless b Day ago

    Ive been making my own out of Chinese antisheetrock.

  • ToyJunkie1981
    ToyJunkie1981 2 days ago

    There must be some anti-matter at Fort Knox.

  • Clifford Williams
    Clifford Williams 2 days ago


  • Ahmed M. Ragb
    Ahmed M. Ragb 2 days ago

    Watching this while playing the Antimatter dimensions game make me feel so smart omg

  • Vasiliy Ulin
    Vasiliy Ulin 2 days ago

    I had never seen a 'cute' side to the physics girl before.
    *checks* yap...still on the physics girl channel... I must've got transported to the anti-universe or something...

  • Mia Aailiya Cardenas

    Oh wow, the cool part is that I already know about this................................ Thanks to the "Angels and Demons" by Dan Brown, I predicted a physics girl episode!!!!!! I legit feel so smart rn.

  • Drachenfels
    Drachenfels 3 days ago

    Honestly. all the fish to the destroy the moon? What about a grain of sand to blew up your house and all other houses in 1 mile vicinity?

  • Jayasurya M
    Jayasurya M 3 days ago

    Positive *Negative*
    Years *Days*

  • Fanjan Combrink
    Fanjan Combrink 3 days ago

    HAHAHAHHAHA..."or POOF!" Sounds like a friendly mafia boss, being very serious, but sounds friendly.

  • dimirsen
    dimirsen 3 days ago

    Can there be black holes consisting of antimatter? Do they differ?

  • bill button
    bill button 3 days ago

    if it combusts when it reacts to our matter, that kind of answers the question why it so rare.

    • bill button
      bill button Day ago

      why? it may seem to combust in our dimension but is actually sent to another dimension where our matter is rare.

    • Vool 268
      Vool 268 Day ago

      There should have been equal amounts of it created when the universe was made though

  • Razar Campbell
    Razar Campbell 4 days ago

    Holy muppet bums!!!
    After seeing (10:29) Raquel Nuno for 1/3rd of a second, I've discovered that I'm completely in love with her. Can you please ask her to come to Australia so I can meet her?

  • Ranveer Singh
    Ranveer Singh 4 days ago +1

    *I LOVE YOU*

  • JivaldiBeatz
    JivaldiBeatz 4 days ago

    no silly.it wasn’t under maintenance... they just didn’t want anyone to see the inter-dimensional portals being opened .

  • Donald Mannikko
    Donald Mannikko 4 days ago

    So cool that you got to go into the a.d. facility. Super jealous.

    DARRYL SMITH 4 days ago

    i Have Some....

  • Gaming with Rahul
    Gaming with Rahul 4 days ago


  • SPM Dope Lab Studio
    SPM Dope Lab Studio 4 days ago

    It doesn't matter anyway.

  • Alexa Lollo
    Alexa Lollo 4 days ago +1

    Ok, either the anti-neutron is the most boring or the most interesting thing in this universe.

  • Alexa Lollo
    Alexa Lollo 4 days ago +2

    What if antimatter is actually the normal type and we are made of the weird matter.

  • Harshit Tyagi
    Harshit Tyagi 4 days ago

    What will happen to level of water when an ice cube floating on it melts....
    . The level of water remains same.. .. .

  • Derek Metoyer
    Derek Metoyer 4 days ago

    😂 Help keeps Physics Geniuses off them streets...Donate now!

  • Steve Lawson
    Steve Lawson 5 days ago

    For every action, there's an equal and opposite reaction. Big Bang = pure energy becoming matter. Both matter, and antimatter formed at once. Fourth dimensional "sides" had most _matter_ expand into our concept of _positive time,_ while most _antimatter_ expanded into _"negative time",_ thus preserving a _fourth dimensional balance._
    Any residual antimatter, in our positive time universe, was soon annihilated, when contacting matter, leaving _only matter._ Same in the _negative time universe._
    But, I'm more SciFi [sorry Mr. Ellison] enthusiast, than theorist. 😜

  • Deon Malik
    Deon Malik 5 days ago

    Because you guys like to read the comments may someone lead me to more answers about who and what we really are. Read the book FORBIDDEN RELIGION. It speaks on anti-matter existing inside us but theres a war on our consciousness so we are never made aware of this. That's why this stuff is so rare and costs so much. Every human beings potential is from this divine energy that literally is like Becoming a super Saiyan Destroyer God if you can tap into.
    In my Maui voice "Your welcome"
    Now leave comments below please

  • Chris Jones
    Chris Jones 5 days ago

    soooooo.....no one actually has some..........right??????

  • YoutubeBarnee
    YoutubeBarnee 5 days ago

    You just gave them terrorists some tips. Good luck 😂

  • Ethan Young
    Ethan Young 5 days ago

    Video idea: how far/fast do we move through the universe (earth orbiting the sun, sun orbiting the black hole in the centre, ect ect)

  • beginnerplayer666
    beginnerplayer666 5 days ago

    get Elon Musk involved and you'll probably be able to transport antimatter in a suitcase lol

  • Bubs
    Bubs 6 days ago

    we should be careful, anti-matter could possibly attract black holes.... ever wonder how a black hole exists in empty space?

  • Omansh Sharma
    Omansh Sharma 6 days ago

    Pls do make a video on why convex lens converge while concave lens diverge

  • habibuahman alif
    habibuahman alif 6 days ago

    No no no, u are wrong my friend. It wasn't "really smart person doing crazy experiment". No no no, it was "Really crazy person doing smart ezperiment"

  • ToxicWastoid
    ToxicWastoid 6 days ago

    "Or poof!" Great video. Thank you.

  • Zeynep Tezbaşar
    Zeynep Tezbaşar 6 days ago +1

    Yeah i will find some antimatter , when i tell my crush i like him , jzgdfdvdvjxs

  • Huss _AY
    Huss _AY 6 days ago

    Antihuman = alien
    If we combine them, we will get a human bomb

  • Maged Nofal
    Maged Nofal 7 days ago

    People know that CERN was some bankers idea to take loans from them. It is a scam.

  • Reigh
    Reigh 7 days ago

    Eureka Eureka Eureka!!!I found it I found it all. Everything the theory time travel, don't action Nobel Prize I need a team and days of data I'm near LIGO LIKE RIGHT THERE they are going to flip out. here goes excuse the spelling grammar when I get to a team computer I'm going to write this of. This is one of many long brainstorms' that come out quick it's hard to contain and get spend right. I'm under enough stress to survive I get these inspirations to far to write everything super clear.I have a drawing of it as well.I just reinvented time travel I think they did it before. The people of Egypt the symbols are there. Neon metatron the one who was Enoch walked Walker with God then he showed him the way the truth about all light strings of light even plank Length that strings three in the smallest polygons we can measure and send to a future around the sun sol the Egyptians worshiped. Or alpha centaury but if we had sent entangled Q lime Q in star trek particles when we expect them tri return we can catch them with orbiting networks of satelights like as the network being planed for the internet future. We can also use sling shotting to do partial collisions like in the hadron collider in the child vacuums if space 🚀 for collisions. We need to go to THE L.I.G.O. FACILITY on the reservation for Hanford to really to thee people about how effects of gravity at a very granular scale would effect one of the halves of thousands of entangles Q-bits moving at the shouted of light to set up the network of collapsible pairs one half in a figure eight over the earth and mom infinity symbol and one half around a near it distant star 🌟 read when they pass through a satelites with the gate for Quantum computers to read before they collapse the particle completing the instant loop back encrypted to say which side should collapse the second Quantum gate like a star gate to receive and send information to the past and back to us now faster then the speed of causality's the shower of time back and forth. Sharing state and information that's why the symbols of the illuminati are triangles'. They fight with light for ask light is a color that some size prism can see it's true color. Be it any size wavelength even plank length triangles' reading time traveling entangles pairs of triangles traveling in different dimensions or scales of time breaking the speed of causalities both ways like a time capsule you can open at either end of space time. Didn't with light for light is color color that we can see with the prisms' of our eyes even invisible light with our third eye imagination or coalitions' like neutrinos do, or with these Q-bits metatron sent his information his meta data his consciousness his heart ideas forwards and back during the real first war in the bible. The knights lights the the way I see these angels arrive in strings sometimes when I meditate they would have been sent by an ancient advances civilizations with divisions on how to live best to manage resources while the earth in the garden of even there hottest conflict zones where humanities seat where the atmosphere first dried up. That's where they sent the signal from. To try and send the time capsule info to the future for a solution to smaller issues we have solved now that back then they never to survive longer for all the people of that time. The angels are info the devils is knowledge and the devil is in the fine granular details of space time gravity, micro gravity etc. The terminology even Peter pan the first star then straight on until mourn they where sensing they could do this send this out. The pieces where ask the but religions, beliefs ignorant if facts because it is to much to handle it finite lives there are these hidden messages to that obfuscates the direct truth to protect our minds from themselves driving us mad at the thoughts questioning our beliefs systems even changing science faster then the speed of casualty faster then we can build real things and change is is hard to dangerous. 🙋 help hello how are you my name is Jordan Walker my handle is Reigh pronounced ray like the alt spelling in star wars.

  • Yakoob Ahmad
    Yakoob Ahmad 7 days ago

    Antimatter is the most abundant substance everywhere it's called aether. it's that which can't be counted by the atomistic fools of today's scientific world. You'll never be able to bottle it because it gave birth to the bottle.

    • Yakoob Ahmad
      Yakoob Ahmad 7 days ago

      That's why they're so-called particles are nothing other than compressions and refractions

  • Googoo Giggle
    Googoo Giggle 7 days ago

    Put it on a ring, if they want to up the price. That is my proposal!

  • Louis
    Louis 7 days ago

    how do you know how much fish matter there is on earth?? and how can you weight (or define) 1 gram of anti-matter??

  • Brian Ellinger
    Brian Ellinger 7 days ago

    Them numbers get crazy...huh

  • digital subliminal messages

    S r b
    I see // and how you got there is a question too// I bet // it's crazy, huh

    ZACHARY FRENCH 8 days ago

    when the universe was created, wasn't there slighly more matter than antimatter so when they anihilated themselves there was there was matter left

  • ESSBrew
    ESSBrew 8 days ago +1

    there isnt more because if there was we wouldnt exist.

  • Steve
    Steve 8 days ago

    *"Tonnes" if you are using metric. "Tons" if you are using imperial.

  • lowkey
    lowkey 8 days ago

    I really do not like the white bowl housing those succulents, it doesn't seem to match anything else on the set.

  • T. F. 32
    T. F. 32 8 days ago

    My god would I like to give you one.
    Smart & gorgeous is so rare.

  • Ian Gregory
    Ian Gregory 8 days ago

    I remember wondering how scientists know that all the galaxies in the Universe are made of regular matter - couldn't half of them be anti-galaxies, made of anti-matter? I did find an answer - search for "Are there anti-matter galaxies?"

  • Not Here
    Not Here 8 days ago