How Hong Kong Changed Countries

  • Published on Feb 19, 2019
  • Manage your passwords with Dashlane for free at
    Get 10% off upgrading to premium by using the code, “Wendover” at checkout
    Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions):
    Get the Wendover Productions t-shirt:
    Check out my personal channel:
    Support Wendover Productions on Patreon:
    Animation by Josh Sherrington and Elise Heersink
    Sound by Graham Haerther (
    Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster
    Special thanks to Patreon supporters Alec M Watson, Andrew J Thom, Arkadiy Kulev, Chris Allen, Chris Barker, Connor J Smith, Daddy Donald, Etienne Dechamps, Eyal Matsliah, Hank Green, Harrison Wiener, James Hughes, James McIntosh, John & Becki Johnston, Keith Bopp, Kelly J Knight, Ken Lee, Kyle, KyQuan Phong, Manoj Kasyap Govindaraju, MyNameIsKir, Plinio Correa, Qui Le, Sheldon Zhao, Simen Nerleir, and Tim Robinson
    Music by
    Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
    Select footage courtesy Bigstock:

Comments • 6 277

  • Wendover Productions
    Wendover Productions  3 months ago +1864

    Hey all, in case you don't know already, the numbers in the bottom, left corner of the video correspond to the sources of information at the bottom of the description. Many of those are good further reading on the topic.
    Also, I just want to acknowledge one small narration slip-up. At 7:14 I say, "What was known was that the event would be centered around midnight on the night of July 30th, 1997." That should be *June* 30th, 1997.

    • Amidat
      Amidat 2 months ago

      +UFCMania155 Yes - but my point was they didn't even put up much of a fight to defend them because they didn't really care that much.

    • Chillypuwn
      Chillypuwn 2 months ago

      This video just earned you my follow ;)

    • Axei mash
      Axei mash 2 months ago

      Please get better at making your videos and writing scripts for them. Im not saying there was anything wrong with this video but just in general you need to get better. I really do enjoy watching your videos and learning from them but i just can watch them because of that.

    • Karthik Sarode
      Karthik Sarode 2 months ago

      What happend to the wikipedia list

  • G&G Travel World

    beautiful place. see also this video:

  • Communism is great, Capitalism is evil

    people in hong kong live in cages, capitalism is evil

  • 张克然
    张克然 2 days ago


  • Patson Lim
    Patson Lim 2 days ago

    The territory of Hong Kong was ceased to 449 in perpetuity why did Britian not want to keep Hong Kong only kowloon was on the 99 year deal. confusing

  • LORDE 2729
    LORDE 2729 2 days ago

    imagine a world where chinas influence is so great that most countries follow china and become authoritative . a Orwellian nightmare is a chinese communists wet dream. china must be blocked and contained at all cost or else the freedom of humanity is at stake .

  • Tudor
    Tudor 2 days ago +1

    You should do a similar video with Macau

  • Dylan Peace
    Dylan Peace 2 days ago +1


  • Jennyoy
    Jennyoy 3 days ago

    Under the strong Chinese officials influence on its government and the Chief Executive, Hong Kong is no longer a democratic city.

  • Michael Boylan
    Michael Boylan 3 days ago

    Your title is misleading,,,as you must know, If by Hong Kong you mean the people of Hong Kong,,because an inert entity such as a territory cannot change anything,,,then Hong Kong did NOT change countries, Her Majestys Govt, transferred sovereignty to China,The Hong Kong people had no vote on this or on independence, Guarantees have been broken, GB betrayed Hong Kong, That is a GB tradition

  • Mr N
    Mr N 3 days ago +1

    The handover was inevitable sooner or later. The later the UK left the negotiating, the less they would have been able to negotiate on behalf of its citizens. I very much doubt the China of today would have agreed to half of what was agreed to back then.

  • akx
    akx 4 days ago

    It was not a day when HK was handed over to China. It was a day when rule of law and freedom of speech of 6 million people were handed over to an authoritarian regime.

  • Chris Chan
    Chris Chan 4 days ago

    I’m from Hong Kong... I’m defo dipping after high school, can’t live the commie way. My uncle lives in Toronto, and I can confirm parts of it is basically Hong Kong when I visited him a while back.

  • Augusto Pinochet
    Augusto Pinochet 4 days ago

    british colonialism will always be better than chinese colonialism

  • Abdullah Hamad
    Abdullah Hamad 4 days ago

    I did a paper on the Opium Wars in high school. I also played Drug Wars on my TI Calculator in Calculus class. It seems drug dealing in Hong Kong was very widespread and popular, and the British wanted a cut of the pie. Britain took over the drug markets, monopolized goods, and seized shipments and sold them at a profit to the people of Hong Kong. They didn't know what they were doing, just trying to make money and break the local population, so a lot of people got overdosed and addicted and put out of work because of prices. Eventually, the queen stepped in to pardon British pirates, and take control of the affected areas that had been economically destroyed and victims of spiraling costs and inflation and market instability.

  • Archie Ames
    Archie Ames 5 days ago

    Instead of bowing to SJWs they get to bow to authoritarian Beijing gangsters.

  • 中国信人不信神的普通人


  • Gary_Boldwater
    Gary_Boldwater 6 days ago

    I’ll take a layover in Hong Kong over Shanghai any day.

    • Gary_Boldwater
      Gary_Boldwater 6 days ago +1

      I like your airport too. I was saying it is much nicer to have a layover in hk than Shanghai . Hk has a great airport.

    • Laura
      Laura 6 days ago

      as a citizen of hk, why? (i like our airport, i could understand that much)

  • iateaplumandifeelweird
    iateaplumandifeelweird 6 days ago +1

    Just watching since I'm gonna visit the country.
    (brace yourselves for the 50 cent army).

  • Jakob Patrick
    Jakob Patrick 6 days ago +1

    Brittian should have just given it to Taiwan lmao

  • DeviouS
    DeviouS 6 days ago +1

    Accidental find but great video none the less!

  • Mohammad Shamma
    Mohammad Shamma 6 days ago +2

    They called the process "Hand over" because it rhymes with Wendover. 🤚🏼 🎤

  • Kim Jong-il
    Kim Jong-il 6 days ago

    But that small island is still uk

  • vtkinmobile
    vtkinmobile 6 days ago +5

    Britain could just hand over Hong Kong to the Qing Dynasty, in hatred of the communist system.

    • Ethereal | 翰˜~
      Ethereal | 翰˜~ 6 days ago

      No use, the UK was recognizing the PRC as China and they couldn't have returned Hong Kong to anybody else

  • Vasili Leung
    Vasili Leung 7 days ago +10

    Should have just given back New Territory and kept Hong Kong and Kowloon.

  • Balkanse Cookenburg
    Balkanse Cookenburg 7 days ago

    For now

  • Difan
    Difan 7 days ago

    Never forget national humiliation and what the Brits did to China!

  • sidharth cs
    sidharth cs 7 days ago +1

    Sees union Jack lowered
    *Laughs in indian*

  • Alexandru Popescu
    Alexandru Popescu 7 days ago

    You don't need Dashlane because KeePass.

  • ss l
    ss l 7 days ago

    No, it wasn't because the UK thought they might as well keep the territory together and hand it all over to China, it's because HK was dependent on water from China and could no longer survive on its own.

  • lass1234
    lass1234 9 days ago +1

    Lesson learned. Never hand over a capitalist city back to any communist country.

  • Andrew Mcgarrigle
    Andrew Mcgarrigle 10 days ago +1

    When I become prime minister of UK we will make Hong kong British again!!!

  • TrueSonic45
    TrueSonic45 10 days ago

    The transfer of Hong Kong was literally the end of the Empire. God save the Queen. And I hope for Hong Kong's future during their time of uncertainty and unrest as the 50 year deal comes ever closer. You never left our hearts, Hong Kong. Britain will never forget you.

  • David Barry
    David Barry 12 days ago

    So, the British took a tiny island from the Chinese, turned it into a gold mine and then gave it back to the Chinese!? I don't think the Chinese are capable of making anything successful! The British go to Malaysia, Hong Kong and Singapore make them into modern cities/nations and the Chinese flee their own shit hole country and flood the colonies like rabbits!

  • Anders Yu
    Anders Yu 12 days ago +5

    Population of Hong Kong Island:
    1842: 7,450
    2011: 1,270,876

  • kvt
    kvt 12 days ago

    For me honestly the Hong Kong handover would be one of the most interesting events I've seen... and I also wonder .. what if the new territories were annexed instead of leased? ... perhaps it would be different.

  • T-Junction 744
    T-Junction 744 13 days ago

    The day the city lost its soul forever

    Please. if you need an idea for a video. talk about the slow degradation and integration of Hong Kong and its laws into the communist regime.

  • Philip Michael
    Philip Michael 13 days ago +1

    Hong Kong changes to an unhappy city after 1997...

  • daxian huang
    daxian huang 14 days ago

    I don’t know what to worry about.

  • Slants L
    Slants L 14 days ago

    Drinkin game every time he says Hong Kong drink

  • Cranzky !
    Cranzky ! 15 days ago

    Damm the uk did Hong Kong dirty

  • cloud person
    cloud person 17 days ago

    did you know that miami has the same latitude as saudi arabia? see more facts like that on you gotta check it out

  • humphrey707
    humphrey707 19 days ago

    You get like 30 password storeres for password stores and have one simple password that has the password to another storer

  • fridericvs
    fridericvs 19 days ago

    UNITED KINGDOM, not Great Britain

  • Millie Fletcher
    Millie Fletcher 19 days ago +1

    Hi love your videos! Just a small point, the Union flag is only known as the 'Union Jack' when it's on a boat!!

  • ahadicow
    ahadicow 20 days ago +3

    those who thinks a place should be governed by a foreigner literally half a globe away have a very screwed sense of both reality and justice.
    those who thinks being colonized by GB is a luck has barely traveled or read.

  • Basti EiseNKrafT
    Basti EiseNKrafT 21 day ago

    And what about Bruce Lee's relative Chin defeating the herd of fuckin' ugly reds?

  • Luke Hulse
    Luke Hulse 21 day ago +3

    HK = 🇬🇧

    • Yao Fang
      Yao Fang 19 days ago

      Luke Hulse wake up!

  • Trevor
    Trevor 22 days ago +12

    Brings a tear to my eye. Such a vibrant and colourful place that is being assimilated and crushed, piece by piece, by the Chinese dictatorship. We were fools to think we could trust such a government to honour its word about keeping its politics sperate for fifty years. Barbarians at the gates.

    • Crystal Ball
      Crystal Ball 18 days ago +1

      Calling people babarians is an excuse for romans to invade and take what didnt belong to them. Like how christians called others pagans.

    • 作孽的妖
      作孽的妖 19 days ago

      Trevor 记住了,你们在英国的统治下是二等公民,还没有选举权,你要觉得中国不好可以随时移民,没人拦着你们!

  • Boi Boi
    Boi Boi 23 days ago +16

    I can see why Taiwan says "no thanks" to China

  • Teelo
    Teelo 23 days ago +1

    One little nitpick: britain isn't 100% gone, they still have influence in their supreme court - HK hires judges from other british common law territories to sit on the bench.

  • Jason
    Jason 24 days ago +1


    ISAAC CLARKE MARKER 24 days ago

    Glory to the people's republic of China

  • Ki Pa Ta
    Ki Pa Ta 24 days ago +2

    Google "The Death of Hong Kong"

  • Intescy Avenger
    Intescy Avenger 24 days ago

    Everytime Britian loses a colony.

  • Cameron Smith
    Cameron Smith 24 days ago +2

    Freedom will return. 🇬🇧🇬🇧🇬🇧

  • Jonathan Vera
    Jonathan Vera 24 days ago +2

    For good? Fuck off

  • Thurston Kuriata
    Thurston Kuriata 25 days ago +1

    A truly sad day.

  • No one understands me
    No one understands me 25 days ago +1

    And now its a colony of China, and things are bad there with Chinese invasion

  • car7glass
    car7glass 26 days ago

    The only thing sad is in Hong Kong all of our smart people will go into finance or economics, we have no smart people in politics.

    • Tow Hee
      Tow Hee 23 days ago

      That is a problem in every single country on this planet.

  • superchan7
    superchan7 27 days ago

    Thanks for the quick summary on such a historical moment unprecedented in the modern world.

  • Duff Houston
    Duff Houston 27 days ago +1

    I miss the British Empire with all my heart

  • Jakob Lust
    Jakob Lust 27 days ago +8

    Good thing Hong Kong and China get along so we... Oh wait

  • Harrison Simmons
    Harrison Simmons 27 days ago

    It’d help if the Union Flag wasn’t upside down in the frame

    • Kieran | TMS
      Kieran | TMS 27 days ago

      Harrison Simmons a sign of distress

  • Dislike Bot
    Dislike Bot 28 days ago +1

    The year 1997 has arrived.
    A herd of fuckin' ugly reds.
    are rushing from the
    Crime rate skyrockeded!
    Hongkong is ruined!
    Therefore, The Hongkong
    government called Bruce Lee's
    relative "Chin"
    for the massacre of the reds.
    Chin is a killer machine.
    Wipe out all 1.2 billion of
    the red communists!
    However, in mainland China
    there was a project
    in progress! A project to
    transform the deceased Tong
    Shau Ping into an ultimate

  • rakantion
    rakantion 28 days ago +2

    hope the US does that with Iraq and Afghanistan

  • woodensurfer
    woodensurfer 28 days ago +2

    The sadness was the forcibly imported opium that had enervated China for over a century-- the permanent ceding of the island of Hong Kong and the Kowloon Peninsula to the drug traffickers called the Brits.

  • woodensurfer
    woodensurfer 28 days ago

    Invite as a noun with north American accent is a bit strange.

  • 😡😡😮😡😮😡😡😮

    Its not a city

  • Julia Huynh
    Julia Huynh Month ago

    1:52 note to self: Research the different agreements and wording

  • Herbert Kwoon
    Herbert Kwoon Month ago +3

    The Kowloon Peninsular was not under lease; the current BNO passport looks exactly same as the British Citizen passport except without the words of “European Union” on the cover.

  • Yumin Gui
    Yumin Gui Month ago

    It's a fair episode. Just the facts and no opinions. I hope people would not ignore the fact that Hong Kong was a colony, just like the North America, and nobody of Hong Kong had a vote in UK parliament. Did the North America colony people have any vote in UK parliament ?

  • vhtriyok
    vhtriyok Month ago

    Fun Fact: Thatcher tried to persuade allies for a military take over in case China did not want to "extend" the lease. They collectively said to her: Give up already.

  • BoraCM 39
    BoraCM 39 Month ago

    Back then, the qing government was in charge. It's a different China now, so maybe we don't have to give it back. We could give it toTaiwan, which is technically a china. The treaty never said which China to give the territory back to, because Taiwan and the mainland were ruled by the same dynasty. We could have given it to Taiwan.

  • sheeple
    sheeple Month ago

    What if the 99 year term was longer, maybe forever? Hong Kong couldve then maybe have gotten independence and be like Singapore (while probably staying in the Commonwealth)
    But thats just theorizing and alternate history, we dont know what wouldve happened if that 99 year term was longer/forever...

  • Hoops And loops
    Hoops And loops Month ago

    Ohhh that’s why there’s so many asians in Brisbane 🤔

  • Sarina Freeman
    Sarina Freeman Month ago +1

    the commie used terrorists to occupied our land

  • f u google no real name

    Go over Britain!

  • 黑騎士say
    黑騎士say Month ago

    Hahaha, Army

  • Severn Severn
    Severn Severn Month ago

    7:20 - 30 June 1997

  • Xin Jin
    Xin Jin Month ago

    The handover is just the minor dignity Britain has left. Thatcher was trying to keep Hong Kong, all give the sovereignty to PRC, but keep the power of administration over HK. But Deng threatened her with a war. Thatcher knew the UK cannot won a war at the doorstep of China, if they were kicked out, there would be a humiliation for the UK. Thatcher even fell down when she got back to London. She had to keep the last piece of dignity of the empire. For Chinese people, this event also means a lot to China, they are slowly taking back what was lost in hundred years humiliation, and heading to the rejuvenation.

  • shingshongshamalama

    China's problem is that human beings seem to simply be naturally inclined to lean more socially progressive and liberal the more information they have about how reality really works.
    It's almost like social conservatism is counter-reality.

  • Cheddwardo
    Cheddwardo Month ago +5

    9:19 should have shot it down when we had the chance

  • Stone IP
    Stone IP Month ago

    One mistake. The BNO is in Red.

  • Totally Acauntis
    Totally Acauntis Month ago +2

    How come you and Half As Interesting have the same voices?

    • Bowden Nthani
      Bowden Nthani Month ago +1

      It's the same person; he has two channels

  • Garry Chen
    Garry Chen Month ago

    By the agreement in the beginning then HK should be returned to nobody since empire of China ceased to exists.
    Or give it to ROC since they have the original copy of the treaty.

  • beavertown2006
    beavertown2006 Month ago +1

    Sad day.

  • Benjamin Lau
    Benjamin Lau Month ago +2

    I love how you use the satellite image from 1997 in order to accurately reflect what had happened

  • Fros ty
    Fros ty Month ago

    “All of Britain was gone forever.”
    What about the boat? It’s still there

  • Barsat Karki
    Barsat Karki Month ago +1

    Top ten anime endings

  • Al Patus
    Al Patus Month ago +3

    The U.K. government should remember this when they handle the brexit stuff.

  • Ethan Cooper
    Ethan Cooper Month ago

    I honestly can not tell what is a HAI or a Wendover video

  • Yan Li
    Yan Li Month ago

    We win, and we will keep winning

  • Chimney
    Chimney Month ago +1

    That’s why Hong Kong people hate to be called Chinese. They are just different.

  • A. Hakan Ozcan
    A. Hakan Ozcan Month ago

    Make Bahrein British territory and look similar like Hong Kong in the region and never give to Bahreini citizens back by governing as baptist British territory for eternity.

  • Ben Hu
    Ben Hu Month ago

    For whatever reason I feel truly said to watch this. The clip itself was well made though.

  • Kazu DV
    Kazu DV Month ago

    Damn i love the 90's

  • Just4Kixs
    Just4Kixs Month ago +1

    I miss HK.

  • Kinson Studio
    Kinson Studio Month ago

    Thank you for your detailed information on the history of Hong Kong! I am from Hong Kong and I really like and enjoy watching your informative videos!

  • CraftyMet
    CraftyMet Month ago +10

    Hong Kong: I changed countries!
    Me: Weird flex but okay